cat-shaped eye disorder or cat eye syndrome – maybe many are asking, is there a possibility that a human has eyes like a cat if there is what it looks like.
Cat eye syndrome (CES) is a rare condition that causes the eyes to have cat-like features. This disorder usually appears as a slit or looks like an abnormal keyhole in the iris (the colored part of the eye) and the pupil that is elongated.
This disorder, also known as Schmid-Fraccaro syndrome, can also affect other organs and body systems, including the ears, urinary tract, skin, and even the heart. CES is a condition that occurs due to a chromosomal abnormality, to be precise the extra doubling of chromosome 22. The exact cause is still not fully understood.
Chromosomes are structures that carry the genetic information contained in the nucleus of the cell. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, each of which has a short arm (p), a long arm (q), and a region of both arms (centromere). Under normal conditions, humans have two copies of chromosome 22. Meanwhile, in CES patients, there are two extra copies of the short arm and a small region on the long arm of chromosome 22, or in other words appearing four times (partial tetrasomy) in the body’s cells
The CES treatment plan is tailored to the symptoms that appear. This may include medications, surgery (to correct anal atresia, bone deformities, or other physical problems), physical therapy, hormone therapy (to treat growth problems), and / or special education for people with intellectual disabilities. Genetic counseling is usually beneficial for the family of the affected individual, especially if planning to have children. This can help determine the risk of passing on the condition to the child.